Bailiffs and locksmith

It is the practice of Marston Holdings and Collectica Ltd to threaten debtors with locksmiths.

 

Fact;

Bailiffs recovering unpaid COURT FINES may use reasonable force to enter to search of goods to be taken into control.

Paragraph 5 of Schedule 4a of the Magistrates Courts Act 1980 states;

An authorised officer may use reasonable force, if necessary, in the exercise of a power conferred on him by this Schedule.

Paragraph 18(b) of Schedule 12 of the Tribunals Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 states;

General powers to use reasonable force

17Where paragraph 18 or 19 applies, an enforcement agent may if necessary use reasonable force to enter premises or to do anything for which the entry is authorised.

18This paragraph applies if these conditions are met—

(a)the enforcement agent has power to enter the premises under paragraph 14 or 16 or under a warrant under paragraph 15;

(b)he is acting under an enforcement power conferred by a warrant of control under section 76(1) of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c. 43) for the recovery of a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction;

(c)he is entitled to execute the warrant by virtue of section 125A (civilian enforcement officers) or 125B (approved enforcement agencies) of that Act.

The jury is out as to whether "reasonable force" means breaking entry to private homes using a locksmith.

 

 

 

Myth;

Bailiffs cannot break entry if they seek to recover UNPAID FEES

This is why:

A warrant of control for the recover of unpaid magistrates;' courts fines is issued under section 76 of the Magistrates Courts Act 1980; which states;

Subject to the following provisions of this Part of this Act, and to section 132 below F1, where default is made in paying a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction or order of a magistrates’ court, the court may issue a warrant of distress for the purpose of levying the sum or issue a warrant committing the defaulter to prison.

The warrant only confers an enforcement power to recover the sum adjudged.

Bailiffs cannot enforce unpaid fees because they are not the sum adjudged.

If a bailiff breaks the locks to your home or obtains a money transfer when you did not owe any fines, contact me. We can do something about it.

 

 

Kill the warrant

To prevent your home being broken in by bailiffs, you must

Pay the fine online, and;

Get a receipt, and;

Give the bailiff notice the sum adjudged has been paid.

 

 

Paragraph 6(3) of Schedule 12 of the Tribunals Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 states;

(3)The property in all goods ceases to be bound when any of these happens—

(a)the amount outstanding is paid, out of the proceeds of sale or otherwise;

(b)the instrument under which the power is exercisable ceases to have effect;

(c)the power ceases to be exercisable for any other reason.

 

The reason, is the sum adjudged under the warrant of control has been paid.

 

Paragraph 31 of the Taking Control of Goods: National Standards 2014 states;

Enforcement agents must not seek to enforce the recovery of fees where an enforcement power has ceased to be exercisable.

 

Paragraph 59 of Schedule 12 of the Tribunals Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 states;

59(1)This paragraph applies if a further step is taken despite paragraph 58(3).

(2)The enforcement agent is not liable unless he had notice, when the step was taken, that the amount outstanding had been paid in full.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) applies to a related party as to the enforcement agent.

(4)If the step taken is sale of any of the goods the purchaser acquires good title unless, at the time of sale, he or the enforcement agent had notice that the amount outstanding had been paid in full.

(5)A person has notice that the amount outstanding has been paid in full if he would have found it out if he had made reasonable enquiries.

 

Use this template to give notice.

 

 

If you have the receipts proving when you paid the sum adjudged, and a bailiff company interferes with the locks to your property, or makes a threat of doing so, then contact me. We can do something about it.

You can bring an action against the bailiff company and the bailiff under section 3 of the Torts (Interference with Goods) Act 1977 and a trespass action under common law. Also, if money changed hands, we can have a detailed assessment.

 

 

Use the law to force the bailiff to produce his ID and evidence to enter premises. Regulation 26 requires the warrant of control to be produced on demand, because that is the authority to enter premises.

 

 

 

Fees can only be recovered from the proceeds of the sale of goods controlled. Once the fine is paid without the bailiff taking control of goods, there is no legal provision for bailiffs to recover fees using the Schedule 12 enforcement procedure.

 

Regulation 4(2) of the Taking Control of Goods (Fees) Regulations 2014 states;

Recovery of fees for enforcement-related services from the debtor

4.—(1) — The enforcement agent may recover from the debtor the fees indicated in the Schedule in accordance with this regulation and regulations 11, 12, 13, 16 and 17, by reference to the stage, or stages, of enforcement for which enforcement-related services have been supplied.

(2) The fees referred to in paragraph (1) may be recovered out of proceeds.


 

Blurring the line between "costs" and "fees"

Court staff are not legally trained, but they sometime try to fob off a complaint about breaking the locks after a fine had been paid into court online.

They quote section 26 of the Crime and Courts Act 2013, which states;

26Payment of fines and other sums

(1)In the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 after section 75 insert—

“75ACosts of collecting sums adjudged to be paid by a conviction

(1)Where a sum is adjudged to be paid by a conviction, the person liable to pay the sum is also liable to pay amounts in respect of costs of doing things for the purpose of collecting sums of that kind.

(2)Where the person is charged such an amount, the sum adjudged to be paid is treated as increased by that amount.

(3)No such amount may be charged unless a collection order or other notice of the person’s liability to pay such amounts has been served on the person.

(4)Where time has been allowed for payment of the sum, no such amount may be charged before the end of that time.

(5)Where payment is to be by instalments, no such amount may be charged—

(a)before the first occasion on which there is default in the payment of an instalment, or

(b)at any other time when the instalments are up to date.

(6)No such amount may be charged in respect of costs that may be recovered under paragraph 62 of Schedule 12 to the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 (costs related to taking control of goods and selling them).

This legislation only provides for the costs of doing things and has not provided for statutory fees.

Otherwise sub-section (1) above would read;

the person liable to pay the sum is also liable to pay fees in connection with enforcement steps taken as prescribed in the Schedule of the Taking Control of Goods (Fees) Regulations 2014.

 

 

Example threat notice of "intending" to force entry.

 

 

Reporting a bailiff to police for fraud by abuse of position

 

Formal complaint. Threatened with a locksmith without a warrant of entry from the court.

 

Reporting a bailiff to the police for threatening you with a locksmith without having a warrant of entry.

 

 

 

Other debt types

The law does not provide for bailiffs to break and enter homes or any type of residential property to recover unpaid debts

 

 

Commercial debtors

A warrant of control or a writ of control only enables bailiffs to take control of the debtors goods.

If a bailiff wants to break open a debtors commercial property, that authority has to be obtained separately. Paragraph 15(1) of Schedule 12 of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 and Regulation 28 of the Taking Control of Goods Regulations 2013.